How is blood pressure quantified?
High blood pressure, or hypertension, is a serious medical condition that can lead to heart disease and stroke if left untreated. But what exactly is blood pressure, and how is it quantified? In this post, we'll take a closer look at hypertension and explain how doctors measure blood pressure in patients. We'll also discuss the different types hypertension and the various treatments available for this condition.
Blood pressure is the force of blood pushing against the walls of your arteries as your heart pumps blood through your body. When this force is too high, it can damage your arteries and increase your risk of serious health problems like heart disease and stroke.
There are two numbers that measure blood pressure: systolic pressure and diastolic pressure. Systolic pressure is the higher number and measures the pressure in your arteries when your heart beats. Diastolic pressure is the lower number and measures the pressure in your arteries between heartbeats.
Blood pressure is usually expressed as two numbers, such as 120/80 mmHg (millimeters of mercury). The first, or top, number is your systolic pressure and the second, or bottom, number is your diastolic pressure.
Normal blood pressure is below 120/80 mmHg. If your systolic blood pressure is 120 to 129 mmHg and your diastolic blood pressure is less than 80 mmHg, you have elevated blood pressure. If your systolic blood pressure is 130 mmHg or higher, or your diastolic blood pressure is 80 mmHg or higher, you have hypertension.
There are two types of hypertension: primary and secondary. Primary hypertension develops over time with no underlying cause. Secondary hypertension is caused by an underlying condition, such as kidney disease or sleep apnea.
Treatment for hypertension typically involves lifestyle changes, such as exercising more, eating a healthier diet, and reducing stress. In some cases, medication may also be necessary to control blood pressure.
If you think you may have hypertension, it's important to see your doctor for a diagnosis and treatment. With proper treatment, you can lower your blood pressure and reduce your risk of serious health complications.
If you're concerned about your blood pressure, the best thing to do is see your doctor. They can measure your blood pressure and help you find a treatment plan that's right for you.
To learn more about hypertension and how to treat it, visit the Santamedical website. We have in-depth information about all aspects of high blood pressure, from its causes to its treatments. We also have a wide variety of medical equipment and supplies that can help you manage your condition, including blood pressure monitors and cuffs.