High Blood Pressure - Hypertension. Causes & Treatment

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High blood pressure, or hypertension, is a major health risk that affects millions of people around the world. It can lead to serious complications such as heart attack and stroke if left untreated. But by knowing its causes and how to manage it with lifestyle changes and medications, you can reduce your risks of experiencing these dangerous outcomes. In this blog post, we’ll cover what high blood pressure is, what causes it, and how to treat it successfully so you can live a healthier life.

What is High Blood Pressure?

High blood pressure, or hypertension, occurs when the force of your blood against your artery walls is too high. Blood pressure readings are measured in two numbers - systolic (the top number) and diastolic (the bottom number). A normal reading should be less than 120/80 mmHg. When the systolic pressure is higher than 140 mmHg or the diastolic pressure higher than 90 mmHg, you have high blood pressure (hypertension).

What Causes High Blood Pressure?

Several factors can contribute to high blood pressure. These include:

• Being overweight or obese

• Having a high-salt diet

• Lack of physical activity

• Smoking

• Excessive alcohol consumption

• Underlying conditions such as diabetes and kidney disease

• Certain medications, including birth control pills and decongestants.

Treating High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure can be managed with lifestyle changes and medications. Lifestyle changes include:

• Eating a healthy diet low in salt and saturated fat

• Getting regular exercise

• Maintaining a healthy weight

• Limiting alcohol consumption

• Quitting smoking.

Medications can also be used to treat high blood pressure. These include diuretics, beta-blockers, ACE inhibitors, calcium channel blockers, and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs). Your doctor will work with you to determine which type of medication is right for you.


High blood pressure is a serious health condition that can have serious consequences if left untreated. But by making lifestyle changes and taking the right medications, you can successfully manage it and reduce your risk of complications. Talk to your doctor today to find out more about hypertension and how to treat it.

If you are looking for more information about high blood pressure and how to manage it, then the Santamedical website is a great place to start. With a wide range of resources and helpful tips, their experts can help guide you on your journey to better health. From lifestyle changes and medications to other tools and treatments that can help lower blood pressure, Santamedical has all the information you need. Visit www.santamedical.com today to learn more.

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